As well as the intriguing legacy of his journal observations, Cook also left a visual one, drawing maps of the journey as he went. Bound into the end of the Mitchell Library’s copy of Cook’s journal are several engraved maps based on Cook's drawings. These maps, including details of Botany Bay and the Endeavour River, were produced after the expedition returned to England, and it isn’t known when they were bound in with the log.
New South Wales on the map
In early 1772, Joseph Banks commissioned from John Bayly, engraver to the British Museum, an engraving of a 1770 chart that traced Captain James Cook's survey of the coastline of eastern Australia and of New Zealand.
Banks intended the map to highlight the achievements of the captain’s first voyage and promote Cook’s second expedition, illustrating regions yet to be explored including the Southern Ocean and polar regions. Eventually, Banks withdrew from the expedition and instead mounted an expedition to Iceland.
Inscribed with the name New South Wales, this is the first printed map that features the eastern coastline of Australia with the name Cook bestowed on it, along with the islands of New Zealand.